Handiscover is providing the following information on visas to facilitate your travel. A visa gives non-citizens clearance to enter a country and to remain there by the policies of that country. Some countries do not require a visa. Travelers must have a valid passport before they can obtain a visa. A visa application in advance of arrival gives the country a chance to consider the applicant’s circumstance, such as financial security, the reason for applying, and details of previous visits to the country. A visitor may also be required to undergo and pass security and health checks upon arrival at the border.

Types of Visas

Transit visas are for passing through the country of issue to a destination outside that country.

• Airside transit visa.
• Crew member, steward or driver visa.

Short-stay or visitor visas for short visits to the issuing country.

• Private visa.
• Tourist visa.
• Visa for medical reasons.
• Business visa.
• Working holiday visa
• Cultural exchange visa.
• Refugee visa.

Long-stay visas are valid for longer but still finite stays.

• Student visa.
• Research visa, for students doing fieldwork in the host country.
• Temporary worker visa,
• Journalist visa.
• Residence visa.
• Asylum visa.

Immigrant visas granted for those intending to immigrate to the issuing country.

• Spouse visa or partner visa.
• Marriage visa.
• Fiancée Visa.
• Pensioner Visa.

Official visas granted to officials doing jobs or representing their home country.

• Diplomatic visas.
• Courtesy visas.

Methods of Issue

On-arrival visas (Also known as Visa On Arrival, VOA), are granted at a port of entry.

Electronic visas are stored in a computer and linked to the passport number. The application is made over the internet.

Electronic travel authorizations are advanced permissions obtained over the internet. This is a security pre-screening only and does not qualify for a visa

Entry and duration period

Visas can be a single entry, double entry, or multiple-entry. Which permits double or multiple entries into the country with the same visa. Countries may also issue re-entry permits that allow for temporarily leaving the country without invalidating the visa.
Once issued, a visa will typically have to used within a period.
Having a visa does not guarantee entry to the host country.

Visa refusal

An applicant may be refused a visa if he or she does not meet the requirements for admission according to the country’s immigration laws. A visa may be denied if the applicant:

• has committed fraud, deception or misrepresentation in his or her current application as well as in a previous application
• has obtained a criminal record, has been arrested, or has criminal charges pending
• is considered to be a threat to national security
• does not have a good moral character
• has previous visa/immigration violations (even if the violations didn’t happen in the country the applicant is seeking a visa for)
• had their previous visa application(s) or application for immigration benefits refused and cannot prove that the reasons for the previous refusals no longer exist or are not applicable anymore (even if the refusals didn’t previously happen in the country the applicant is seeking a visa for)
• cannot prove to have strong ties to their current country of nationality and residence (for those who are applying for temporary or non-immigrant visas)
• intends to reside or work permanently in the country she/he will visit if not applying for an immigrant or work visa respectively
• fails to demonstrate intent to return (for non-immigrants)
• fails to provide sufficient evidence/documents to prove eligibility for the visa sought after
• does not have a legitimate reason for the journey
• has no visible means of sustenance
• does not have travel arrangements (i.e. transport and lodging) in the destination country
• does not have health/travel insurance valid for the destination and the duration of stay
• is applying on excessively short notice without an exceptionally justifiable reason
• is a citizen of a country to which the destination country is hostile
• has previously visited, or intends to visit, a country to which the destination country is hostile
• has a communicable disease, such as tuberculosis
• has a passport that expires too soon
• didn’t use a previously issued visa at all without a valid reason (e.g., a trip cancellation due to a family emergency)

The main reasons countries impose visa restrictions on foreign nationals is to curb illegal immigration, enhance security cOnce issued, a visa will typically have to use within a period. The possession of a visa doesn’t guarantee entry into the country that has made it; it can be revoked at any time.
Having a visa does not guarantee entry to the host country.